Bharat ke rajya aur unki rajdhani: Bharat ke rajya aur unki rajdhaniyon ki suchi. India ke 28 rajya aur unki rajdhaniyon ke naam aur unka establishment (stanbh) kab hua, iski suchi niche di gayi hai.

India, the seventh-largest country in the world, is divided into 28 states and has a unique identity for each state capital. The states and their capitals have a rich history and cultural significance. From the bustling city of Mumbai in Maharashtra to the political center of Delhi, each state capital has its own charm and importance.

This article aims to provide a comprehensive list of the Indian states and their respective capitals, along with the date of their establishment. So, let’s explore the diverse geography and administrative divisions of India and learn about its states and their capitals.

Diverse States And Their Capitals

One of the most fascinating aspects of India is its incredible diversity. With 28 diverse states and 8 union territories, each with its own unique culture, traditions, and geography, India showcases a rich tapestry of cultural heritage spread across the country. Each state has its own capital, which serves as the administrative hub and often reflects the essence of the state’s identity. Let’s embark on a journey to explore the vibrant states and their capitals that make up this incredible nation.

Highlighting the Cultural and Geographical Diversity of the Country

India’s cultural and geographical diversity is awe-inspiring. From the snowy peaks of the Himalayas in the north to the sun-kissed beaches of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the south, India encompasses a vast range of landscapes. Each state has its distinct topography, landmarks, and natural wonders. As we traverse the country from west to east, we encounter the lush plains of Punjab, the arid deserts of Rajasthan, the wildlife-rich forests of Madhya Pradesh, and the breathtaking backwaters of Kerala, among many others. These diverse geographical settings make India a haven for nature enthusiasts and explorers.

States and Capitals of India

State Capital
Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar
Assam Dispur
Bihar Patna
Chhattisgarh Raipur
Goa Panaji

India’s diverse states and their capitals reflect the country’s rich cultural tapestry and geographical wonders. From the royal heritage of Jaipur, the vibrant culture of Kolkata, to the bustling tech hubs of Bengaluru and Hyderabad, each capital city offers a unique experience and a glimpse into its respective state’s essence. Exploring the diverse states and capitals of India is an adventure that unfolds a myriad of traditions, cuisine, festivals, and landscapes. So pack your bags and get ready to immerse yourself in the beauty and diversity of Bharat (India)!

Northern States And Capitals

India is a diverse country, and its states and capitals are a true reflection of this diversity. In the northern region of India, several states boast their own unique culture, history, and charm. Let’s take a closer look at the capitals of some of these northern states, each with its own distinctive character and significance.

Exploring the capitals of the northern states

The northern states of India are home to some of the most important capitals in the country. From the bustling streets of Delhi to the vibrant city of Chandigarh and the administrative center of Lucknow, each capital has its own story to tell. Let’s dive deeper into the capitals of Delhi, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh.

Delhi: The political and historical hub of India

Delhi, the capital of India, is not only a political powerhouse but also a city steeped in history. Its mesmerizing blend of ancient and modern landmarks makes it a favorite among travelers and history enthusiasts alike. The city is home to iconic monuments such as the Red Fort, Qutub Minar, and India Gate. With its vibrant street food scene and markets like Chandni Chowk, Delhi offers a sensory delight for foodies and shoppers. Whether you’re exploring the narrow lanes of Old Delhi or marveling at the grandeur of New Delhi’s architecture, this city never fails to leave a lasting impression.

Punjab: The vibrant capital of Chandigarh

Chandigarh, the capital city of Punjab, stands out for its well-planned layout, modern infrastructure, and artistic touch. Designed by Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier, Chandigarh combines nature and urbanism seamlessly, with captivating gardens, sculptures, and open spaces scattered throughout the city. The famous Rock Garden, created using recycled materials, is a testament to the city’s creativity and environmental consciousness. Chandigarh is also known for its educational institutions and its lively food scene, where you can savor authentic Punjabi cuisine that will leave your taste buds craving for more.

Uttar Pradesh: The administrative capital of Lucknow

Serving as the administrative capital of Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow is a city that exudes old-world charm and a rich historical legacy. Often referred to as the “City of Nawabs,” Lucknow is known for its elegant architecture, intricate embroidery work, and mouthwatering Awadhi cuisine. The splendid Bara Imambara and Chota Imambara are major highlights, showcasing marvelous Mughal architecture and reflecting the city’s cultural splendor. As you stroll through the bustling markets of Hazratganj or indulge in a plate of kebabs and biryanis, you’ll experience the essence of Lucknow’s regal past amidst the hustle and bustle of a modern-day metropolis.

Southern States And Capitals

Southern India is a melting pot of vibrant cultures, diverse traditions, and enchanting landscapes. It is home to five unique states, each with its own distinctive capital. Let’s explore the southern states and their captivating capitals.

Discovering the capitals of the southern states

Karnataka: The dynamic capital of Bengaluru

Nestled in the heart of Karnataka, Bengaluru is a bustling city that embodies the spirit of dynamism. Renowned as the Silicon Valley of India, this metropolis is a hub of technological advancements and innovation. Its towering skyscrapers contrast beautifully with its lush green parks, creating a unique blend of modernity and natural beauty. Known for its delightful weather all year round, Bengaluru boasts a thriving arts and music scene, numerous educational institutions, and mouthwatering cuisine. Exploring Bengaluru is an exhilarating experience, with its vibrant markets, historic palaces, and breathtaking gardens.

Tamil Nadu: The cultural capital of Chennai

Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu, is a city that reverberates with cultural vibrancy. Known for its rich heritage, Chennai is a treasure trove of ancient temples, majestic forts, and magnificent colonial architecture. The city takes immense pride in its traditional music and dance forms, including the spellbinding Bharatanatyam. Chennai is also home to the iconic Marina Beach, one of the longest urban beaches in the world, where locals and tourists gather to witness stunning sunsets and enjoy sumptuous street food. Whether you stroll through its bustling markets or explore its renowned museums and art galleries, Chennai leaves an indelible impression on all who visit.

Kerala: The serene capital of Thiruvananthapuram

As you step into the tranquil city of Thiruvananthapuram, the capital of Kerala, you are greeted by a sense of serenity that permeates the air. Known for its mesmerizing backwaters, pristine beaches, and lush greenery, Thiruvananthapuram offers a picturesque retreat for nature lovers. The city is adorned with magnificent palaces, age-old temples, and tranquil lakes, adding to its ethereal beauty. Thiruvananthapuram is also a hub of Ayurvedic treatments and wellness centers, where visitors can indulge in rejuvenating therapies and holistic healing. Immerse yourself in the tranquil charm of Thiruvananthapuram and discover why it is truly a paradise on earth.

Eastern States And Capitals

The eastern states of India are known for their rich history, diverse culture, and breathtaking landscapes. This region boasts of several fascinating states, each with a unique identity and a capital that holds its own significance. In this article, we will explore the eastern states of India and uncover the capitals that define them.

Unveiling the capitals of the eastern states

Let’s begin our journey by delving into the capitals of the eastern states, starting with West Bengal, the land of intellect and artistry.

West Bengal: The intellectual capital of Kolkata

West Bengal, renowned for its literary masterpieces, is home to the intellectual capital of Kolkata. Known as the “City of Joy,” Kolkata is a melting pot of intellectuals, scholars, and artists. This bustling city combines heritage with modernity, capturing the essence of Bengali culture in its myriad forms. From iconic landmarks like the Howrah Bridge to the enchanting Victoria Memorial, Kolkata symbolizes the intellectual prowess and artistic finesse that West Bengal is famous for.

As you stroll along the vibrant streets of Kolkata, you’ll encounter the fragrance of freshly brewed tea and the rhythmic beats of Rabindra Sangeet. The city’s love affair with literature and art is evident in every nook and corner, making it a haven for avid readers and creative minds.

Bihar: The historical capital of Patna

Our next destination takes us to the historical capital of Bihar, Patna. With a rich past spanning centuries, Patna exudes an aura of ancient grandeur. This city served as the seat of power for several ancient kingdoms, leaving behind a treasure trove of architectural wonders.

As you explore Patna, you’ll come across architectural marvels like the Golghar and the Patna Sahib Gurudwara, significant landmarks that bear witness to the glorious history of the region. From the ancient ruins of Nalanda, the renowned seat of learning, to the spiritual haven of Bodh Gaya, where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment, Patna takes you on a timeless journey through the annals of history.

Odisha: The temple city capital of Bhubaneswar

Last but certainly not least, we arrive at Odisha, the land of ancient temples and intricate artwork. The capital city of Bhubaneswar stands as a testament to the rich cultural heritage of the state. Known as the “Temple City,” Bhubaneswar is adorned with magnificent temples that showcase the architectural brilliance of yesteryears.

From the world-famous Lingaraj Temple to the intricately carved sculptures of the Konark Sun Temple, Bhubaneswar is a visual delight for devotees and art enthusiasts alike. The city’s vibrant festivals, such as the Ratha Yatra and the Durga Puja, bring people together in celebration and showcase the deep-rooted traditions of Odisha.

As you explore Bhubaneswar, you’ll be mesmerized by the blend of spirituality and artistry that permeates its every corner. The city’s tranquil ambiance and architectural wonders make it a must-visit destination for anyone seeking a deeper understanding of Odisha’s cultural heritage.

These are just a few highlights of the eastern states and their capitals. Each state has its own uniqueness that contributes to the tapestry of India’s cultural diversity. So, pack your bags, embark on a journey, and let the eastern states captivate your heart and soul.

Western States And Capitals

In this blog post, we will explore the states and their capitals in Western India. Western India is known for its cultural diversity and vibrant cities. Let’s delve into the fascinating capitals of the western states that represent their unique essence and significance.

Unraveling the capitals of the western states

Maharashtra: The financial capital of Mumbai

Maharashtra, a state rich in history and culture, is home to one of India’s most populous cities, Mumbai. As the financial capital of the country, Mumbai is bustling with activity and opportunities. Known as the city of dreams, Mumbai attracts people from all walks of life who aspire to make it big in the business world or the entertainment industry. From the iconic Gateway of India to the vibrant markets of Colaba, Mumbai offers a unique blend of tradition and modernity. It is truly a city that never sleeps.

Rajasthan: The regal capital of Jaipur

Rajasthan, famous for its majestic palaces, colorful traditions, and warm hospitality, is the land of kings and tales of valor. The capital city, Jaipur, is fondly referred to as the Pink City due to the color of its historical buildings. The city is renowned for its magnificent forts and palaces, such as the Amber Fort, Hawa Mahal, and the grand City Palace. Every nook and corner of Jaipur exudes a regal charm that transports visitors back in time. The bustling bazaars, traditional art and crafts, and lip-smacking Rajasthani cuisine make Jaipur a must-visit destination for every traveler.

Gujarat: The industrial capital of Gandhinagar

Gujarat, located on the western coast of India, is a state known for its entrepreneurial spirit and industrial growth. The capital city, Gandhinagar, is a symbol of modernity and progress. With its well-planned infrastructure and greenery, Gandhinagar offers a serene and harmonious environment for its residents. The city also boasts architectural marvels like the Akshardham Temple and the Sabarmati Ashram, which pay homage to India’s rich heritage. Gujarat’s vibrant trade and commerce, as well as its cultural festivals like Navratri, make Gandhinagar a city that beautifully represents the blend of traditional values and economic growth.

Central States And Capitals

India, with its diverse culture, landscapes, and rich history, is a land of myriad states, each with its own distinct identity. In this blog post, we will delve into the capitals of the central states of India, namely Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Jharkhand. These states are not only geological and historical treasures but also bustling hubs of political and economic activity. Let’s take a closer look at the capitals that anchor these central states and discover the unique charm they possess.

Delving into the capitals of the central states

The central states of India are known for their significant contributions to the nation’s development and culture. Their capitals exemplify this vibrancy, serving as important cultural, political, and economic centers. Let’s explore the capitals one by one.

Madhya Pradesh: The heartland capital of Bhopal

Nestled in the heartland of India, Bhopal stands as the capital of Madhya Pradesh. This beautiful city is an amalgamation of tradition and development, boasting a rich history that dates back to the 11th century. Bhopal is known for its stunning architectural marvels, including the iconic Taj-ul-Masjid, one of the largest mosques in Asia. With its numerous lakes, enchanting palaces, and diverse cuisine, Bhopal offers a feast for the senses. As the political hub of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal plays a vital role in shaping the state’s destiny.

Chhattisgarh: The developing capital of Raipur

Raipur, the capital of Chhattisgarh, is a city on the rise. As the state’s administrative, industrial, and educational hub, Raipur has witnessed rapid development and growth in recent years. It showcases a perfect blend of modern infrastructure and natural beauty, with numerous parks, gardens, and wildlife sanctuaries in its vicinity. Raipur’s strategic location, well-connected transportation system, and investment-friendly policies make it an attractive destination for businesses and entrepreneurs. This aspiring city holds the promise of a brighter future for Chhattisgarh and its people.

Jharkhand: The mineral-rich capital of Ranchi

Nestled amidst the picturesque Chota Nagpur Plateau, Ranchi serves as the capital of Jharkhand, a state blessed with abundant mineral resources. Ranchi’s cool climate, lush greenery, and cascading waterfalls make it a popular tourist destination. The city is also home to several prestigious educational institutions and research centers, making it an academic hub in the region. Ranchi’s importance in the mining industry and its role as the administrative center of Jharkhand contribute to its significance in both economic and political spheres.

The central states of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Jharkhand are not just geographical entities; they represent the diverse tapestry of India’s culture, heritage, and development. Bhopal, Raipur, and Ranchi, as their respective capitals, harbor the aspirations, energy, and dreams of millions. From historical landmarks to economic endeavors, these cities weave the story of their states, inviting us to explore their charisma and relish their uniqueness.

Northeastern States And Capitals

When exploring Bharat Ke Rajya Aur Unki Rajdhani, a journey to the northeastern states is a must. This region is known for its scenic beauty, diverse culture, and charming capitals. Let’s take a closer look at the capitals of the northeastern states.

Exploring the capitals of the northeastern states

As you venture into the northeastern states, each capital city has its own unique charm and story to tell. Let’s dive into the capitals of Assam, Manipur, and Meghalaya to get a taste of what this region has to offer.

Assam: The gateway capital of Dispur

One of the prominent states in the northeast, Assam, welcomes you with its tranquil capital, Dispur. Situated at the gateway of the region, Dispur serves as the administrative capital of Assam. It is known for its peaceful surroundings and verdant landscapes. The capital’s proximity to the famous Brahmaputra River adds to its allure, offering visitors breathtaking views and serene boat rides.

Manipur: The picturesque capital of Imphal

Imphal, the capital of Manipur, is a sight to behold. Nestled amidst the rolling hills, this picturesque city is a blend of natural beauty, history, and vibrant culture. Imphal is famous for its enchanting Loktak Lake, which is one of the largest freshwater lakes in Northeast India. The city’s vibrant bazaars, filled with local handicrafts and traditional attire, are a haven for shopaholics and culture enthusiasts alike.

Meghalaya: The hilly capital of Shillong

When it comes to hilly capitals, Shillong in Meghalaya takes the spotlight. Surrounded by lush green hills and misty landscapes, this capital is a paradise for nature lovers. Shillong is renowned for its pleasant weather, picturesque waterfalls, and vibrant music scene. Don’t miss the mesmerizing Shillong Peak, which offers panoramic views of the city and the surrounding Khasi hills.

As you explore these northeastern capitals, you’ll discover a rich tapestry of natural wonders, cultural heritage, and warm hospitality. Each capital city has its own story to tell, waiting to be explored. So pack your bags and embark on an unforgettable journey through the enchanting Northeastern states of India.

Bharat Ke Rajya Aur Unki Rajdhani  : Discover the Fascinating Capitals


Union Territories And Their Capitals

India, a land of diverse culture and vibrant history, is not only known for its states, but also its union territories. These territories hold a unique significance and are governed directly by the central government. Each union territory has its own capital, contributing to the country’s administrative system. Let’s shed light on some notable capitals of the union territories.

Shedding light on the capitals of the union territories

Andaman and Nicobar Islands: The tropical capital of Port Blair

Nestled amidst the azure waters of the Bay of Bengal, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands boast the scenic capital of Port Blair. Known for its rich history and exotic landscapes, Port Blair serves as the gateway to the archipelago. Surrounded by lush green forests and pristine beaches, this tropical paradise is also home to the infamous Cellular Jail, a reminder of India’s struggle for independence.

Chandigarh: The planned capital of Chandigarh

Chandigarh, the capital of both Punjab and Haryana, stands out as a testament to modern urban planning. Designed by renowned architect Le Corbusier, this bustling city showcases an amalgamation of green spaces and contemporary infrastructure. With its well-organized sectors and wide boulevards, Chandigarh offers a harmonious blend of nature and urbanity, making it one of India’s most liveable cities.

Puducherry: The French-influenced capital of Puducherry

Puducherry, formerly known as Pondicherry, stands as a captivating example of the colonial era. With its distinctly French ambiance, the capital city of Puducherry exudes an enchanting old-world charm. The cobblestone streets, vibrant houses, and iconic French Quarter take visitors on a nostalgic journey back in time. This fusion of Indian and French cultures creates an extraordinary atmosphere that sets Puducherry apart from other cities in the country.

Frequently Asked Questions For Bharat Ke Rajya Aur Unki Rajdhani

भारत में 29 राज्य Or Rajdhani कौन कौन से हैं?

The capital cities of India’s 29 states are: 1. Delhi (National Capital Territory) 2. Mumbai (Maharashtra) 3. Kolkata (West Bengal) 4. Chennai (Tamil Nadu) 5. Hyderabad (Telangana) 6. Bengaluru (Karnataka) 7. Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala) 8. Jaipur (Rajasthan) 9. Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh) 10. Patna (Bihar) 11. Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh) 12. Chandigarh (Punjab and Haryana) 13.

Shimla (Himachal Pradesh) 14. Dehradun (Uttarakhand) 15. Gandhinagar (Gujarat) 16. Ranchi (Jharkhand) 17. Raipur (Chhattisgarh) 18. Kohima (Nagaland) 19. Imphal (Manipur) 20. Agartala (Tripura) 21. Aizawl (Mizoram) 22. Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh) 23. Shillong (Meghalaya) 24. Kohima (Nagaland) 25. Dimapur (Nagaland) 26. Gangtok (Sikkim) 27. Panaji (Goa) 28. Dispur (Assam) 29. Amaravati (Andhra Pradesh)

भारत में 28 राज्य कौन कौन से हैं उनकी राजधानी?

There are 28 states in India and their capitals are as follows.

भारत में कुल कितने राज्य हैं एवं उनकी राजधानी?

India has 28 states with their respective capitals.

भारत में कितनी राजधानी है?

India has one capital city.


To sum up, it’s evident that every state in India has not only its unique cultural and historical heritage but also its own governing administration. From the bustling streets of Mumbai to the serene and spiritual atmosphere of Varanasi, each state has its own charm and significance.

The diverse landscapes, languages, and traditions make Bharat a vibrant tapestry of cultures. By exploring the majestic palaces, ancient temples, and natural wonders across these states, one can truly understand the essence of India’s rich tapestry of history and modernity.

Whether it’s the political hub of New Delhi or the coastal beauty of Chennai, each state’s capital city adds its own flavor to India’s diverse identity. So, if you’re eager to embark on an adventure to the heart of Bharat, be sure to visit its various states and discover the mesmerizing charm of our nation’s capitals.

Happy travels!